Water is of special importance in Hinduism. The rivers are not only related with life -sustaining properties of all but it also has an immense connection with devoutness . The holy rivers are worshipped because of its use in rituals. Bathing in the rivers also has religious significance, especially river (Nadi) Ganga- is believed to purify the sins of the devotee. The rivers are considered as female and personified as goddesses.
There are seven principle holy rivers, the Ganges (Ganga), Yamuna, and Sarasvwati are most important. According to different opinions, the Sarasvati is now invisible, extinct or running underground, and meets with the Ganga and Yamuna at Prayaga.
Let’s take a dive into the 7 Rivers of India: Ganga ( North India), Yamuna – meets Ganga in North, Godvari – South India, Saraswati – underground river, Narmada- Central India, Sindhu the Indus now in Pakistan and Kaveri in South India.
Ganga River -The Ganga, which originates from the Himalayas at the Gaumukh flowing into the Bay of Bengal is the most sacred and longest flowing river in India. It is India’s National River and has many tributaries flowing out of it. The City of Temples, Varanasi is also situated on the banks of Ganga. Travellers from far and wide come to the Ganga, to take a dip in the water in the hopes of washing away their sins.
Yamuna River-Rising from the Yamunotri in the Himalayan Mountains, the Yamuna merges with the Ganga at the Triveni Sangam, Prayag (Allahabad), the site for the Kumbh Mela. Gokul and Mathura fall on the bank of Yamuna and are one of the most sacred places for Hindus.
Saraswati River – An ancient river, the Saraswati flowed in North India during the
vedic era. Though it does not have a physical existence today, it is said to flow underground and form the Triveni Sangam at Prayag (Allahabad) along with the Ganga and Yamuna.
Narmada River -The Narmada River originates from the Maikala ranges at Amarkantak, Madhya Pradesh. It flows between the Vindhya and Saputara ranges. The Hindu God Lord Shiva Omkareshwar Temple is situated on the banks of the Narmada river. It has been revered as one of the most sacred places for Hindus.
Kshipra River – The Shipra, also known as Kshipra originates from the Vindhya Range, north of Dgar and flows across the Malwa Plateau to join the Chambal River. The holy city of Ujjain is situated on the banks of the Kshipra River. Ujjain is an ancient city, famous for one of the 12 Jyotirlingas celebrated in India known as Mahakaleshwar. In fact, it is also the place for the Kumbh Mela which takes place every 12 years.
Godavari River-This river originates near the Trimbak in Nashik and flows into the Bay of Bengal. It is the largest and longest river of South India. The Kumbh Mela at Nashik is well known as an important center for Pilgrimage in India.
Kaveri River -The Kaveri or Cauvery River originates from the Brahmagiri Hill in the Western Ghats and flows toward the Bay of Bengal. It travels across Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. The breathtaking Shivasamudram Falls is the second biggest in India.
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