Mathematics is a very important subject which has its branches in almost all the fields of modern life. Its concepts are required and applied by everyone, be it a layman buying vegetables or a professional building a spaceship. With the vastness of the subject, it is obvious that its concepts have adapted and travelled through various continents. But what’s interesting is that many of the very basic concept of Mathematics take root from the Vedic scriptures of Hinduism.
The concepts of zero and infinity have a history back in ancient Indian culture. The earliest traces of geometry are found in the Rig Veda, wherein shapes like circles, squares and semi-circles are mentioned, albeit having different names in the Sanskrit language. The shapes were used to describe the construction of fire alters. Some even say that sages may have had methods to calculate areas, diameters and square roots to make some of the constructions.
Chants and mantras in the Vedas also have a mathematical base. In order to detect if there are any errors in recitation, syllables are often removed or replaced with one another. In the different forms of chanting called Vikratis, a person is easily able to make out in case they skip or make a mistake reciting any syllable that forms the entire mantra.
The Yajur Veda also consists of the number 4 and a series ascending it, adding 4 as it keeps going higher. The Rig Vedas also consisted of calculations similar to the pie that came to a rough estimate of 22/7. All in all, the Hindu scriptures are a major part of the foundation of Mathematics!
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