As is advocated in most other religions as well, Hinduism also promotes the belief that every person has a purpose; we’re all here to play a part in the play of life. Santana dharma better known as the Hindu religion, believes in the concept of purpose fulfilment, which the ancient sages termed ‘Purusharthas’. The word itself is divided into two parts, ‘Purush’ -individual, and ‘Artha’ – meaning/purpose. It encompasses four core principles: Artha, Kama, Dharma and Moksha.
The first principle Artha refers to Wealth. It lays emphasis on the fact that every person should have enough to sustain themselves and their family, in terms of basic necessities. The religion does not consider wealth a sin, but promotes prosperity through material goods. One should be able to support their family and this can be done only with wealth.
The second principle Kama refers to Desire. Every person has their own desires which take multiple forms, and the religion recognises this. It is believed that one must cater to all their desires within the short span of their lifetime, as long as it does not put anyone is harm’s way. We mustn’t be discontent but always strive to fulfil our hearts desires, for it is not a sin.
The third principle Dharma refers to Duty. Every person has their role in this lifetime and every person must act upon their duties and responsibilities with utmost dedication. Our soul rests in the physical manifestation as our body and through this channel we must set out to do the things we are here for. Duty towards family, society, friends, jobs, learning or even our environment, must be taken into account by every individual.
The fourth principle Moksha refers to liberation. The ultimate goal of life is freedom from the circles of life. It is believed that if one succeeds in following their dharma, they shall receive moksha and reunite with God.
The four principles act as guidelines for every person to find their purpose. It is the blueprint to living a fulfilled and purposeful life! If you want to know more, check out our other articles or plan to visit Kumbh Mela this year, it will be a stepping stone to discover your spirituality.